The Central government has made seven key amendments to existing rules of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) rules 2011 that aim at prohibiting acceptance and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activities detrimental to the national interest.
The new rules, now renamed Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2022, came into effect from Friday (July 1) with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) issuing a notification and its publication in the Official Gazette. The new rules are an amendment to the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Rules, 2011. "In exercise of the powers conferred by section 48 of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 (42 of 2010), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules further to amend the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Rules, 2011. These rules may be called the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2022," stated the notification.
In the new rules, there are about seven amendments. Among those, there are two amendments in rule 6 by substituting the words "one lakh rupees" with the words "ten lakh rupees"; and the words "thirty days" with the words "three months". There is also an amendment in rule 9, in sub-rule (1), in clause (e), for the words "fifteen days", the words "forty-five days" shall be substituted; and in sub-rule (2), in clause (e), for the words "fifteen days", the words "forty-five days" shall be substituted. Clause (b) of rule 13 has been omitted from the fresh rules; and in rule 17A, for the words "fifteen days", the words "forty-five days" shall be substituted.The last amendment is done in rule 20, and it mentions that for the words "on a plain paper", the words "in such form and manner, including in electronic form as may be specified by the Central Government" shall be substituted.
The principal rules were published on April 29, 2011, and subsequently amended on April 12, 2012; December 14, 2015; March 7, 2019; September 16, 2019; November 10, 2020, and January 11, 2021.
The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 2010 consolidates the law to regulate the acceptance and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain individuals or associations or companies and to prohibit acceptance and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activities detrimental to the national interest and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
The Act extends across India and also applies to the citizens of India outside India. Associate branches or subsidiaries, outside India, of companies or bodies corporate, registered or incorporated in India also have to follow the rules of the Act.
The FCRA regulates foreign donations and ensures that such contributions do not adversely affect internal security. First enacted in 1976, it was amended in 2010 when a slew of new measures were adopted to regulate foreign donations.
The FCRA is applicable to all associations, groups and NGOs which intend to receive foreign donations. It is mandatory for all such NGOs to register themselves under the FCRA.
The registration is initially valid for five years and it can be renewed subsequently if they comply with all norms. Registered associations can receive foreign contributions for social, educational, religious, economic and cultural purposes.
Filing of annual returns, on the lines of Income Tax, is compulsory. In 2015, the MHA notified new rules, which required NGOs to give an undertaking that the acceptance of foreign funds is not likely to prejudicially affect India's sovereignty and integrity, impact friendly relations with any foreign state or disrupt communal harmony. It also said that all such non government organisations would have to operate accounts in either nationalized or private banks which have core banking facilities to allow security agencies access on a real-time basis.
Members of the legislature and political parties, government officials, judges and media persons are prohibited from receiving any foreign contribution.
On inspection of accounts and receipt of any adverse input against the functioning of an association can suspend the FCRA registration initially for 180 days. Until a decision is taken, the association cannot receive any fresh donations and cannot utilize more than 25 per cent of the amount available in the designated bank account without the permission of the MHA. The MHA can cancel the registration of an organization which will not be eligible for registration or grant of 'prior permission' for three years from the date of cancellation