In line with India's principle of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (the world is one family), foreign nationals were also evacuated from conflict-torn Ukraine and brought to New Delhi, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar said on Tuesday.
Speaking in Rajya Sabha on the situation in Ukraine and Operation Ganga, Jaishankar said, "In line with India's principle of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, foreign nationals were also evacuated from conflict zones and brought to India. They included 147 citizens of 18 countries. Many Ukrainian nationals that are family members of Indian nationals have also been evacuated."
He also said that as tensions increased, the Indian Embassy in Ukraine started a registration drive for Indians in January 2022 and as a result, around 20,000 Indians registered.
"Most Indian nationals were students pursuing medical studies in Ukrainian universities dispersed throughout the country," he said.
Jaishankar noted that more than half the students were in universities in eastern Ukraine that borders Russia and has been the epicentre of the conflict so far. "Students hail from 35 states/UTs of India with over 1,000 students each from Kerala, UP, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bihar and Rajasthan," he said.
After Russia began military operations in Ukraine on February 24, the Government of India launched Operation Ganga to bring back stranded Indian nationals from Ukraine.
Jaishankar highlighted the advisories issued to Indian citizens in Ukraine to leave the country in view of the tension between Moscow and Kyiv.
"In view of the continued buildup of tensions in February, the Embassy issued an advisory on February 15, advising Indians in Ukraine whose stay isn't essential, to leave the country temporarily. It also advised Indians not to travel to Ukraine or undertake non-essential movements within Ukraine," he said.
"Further advisories were also given on February 20 and 22. Air bubble instructions then imposed were immediately lifted in consultation with the Ukrainian side to increase the number of direct flights. Around 4,000 Indians departed from Ukraine by direct/indirect flights till February 23," Jaishankar stated
He further stated that despite the government efforts, a large majority of students elected to continue staying in Ukraine.
"Despite our efforts, however, a large majority of students elected to continue staying in Ukraine. There was a natural reluctance to leave educational institutions and affect their studies. Some universities actively discouraged and showed reluctance to offer online courses," he added.