First, one should know that Islam considers all diseases including psychiatric illness as trials and tests from Allah. So, when any disease befalls a Muslim, it can be expiation for his/her sins. As for psychiatric diseases, some of them are caused by the lack of Iman (right creed) physical and mental problems, or both. The spread of these diseases nowadays is due to the lack of Iman and the spread of sins.
Islamic views on diseases and their cure are rooted in the teachings of the Quran and the Hadith (sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him). Here are some key points regarding Islamic perspectives on diseases and their treatment:
Seeking Medical Treatment: Islam encourages seeking medical treatment and considers it a permissible and even commendable act. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Make use of medical treatment, for Allah has not made a disease without appointing a remedy for it, except one disease, namely old age." (Sahih al-Bukhari)
Use of Natural Remedies: Islamic tradition supports the use of natural remedies and encourages the consumption of foods and herbs with medicinal properties. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) advocated the use of black seed (Nigella sativa) for its health benefits, stating that it is a cure for every disease except death.
Supplication and Du'a (Prayer): Muslims believe in the power of prayer, and it is common for individuals to make supplications for healing. The Quran mentions the concept of Shifa (healing) and encourages believers to seek it through prayer and remembrance of Allah: "And when I am ill, it is He (Allah) who cures me." (Quran 26:80)
Patience and Endurance: Islam teaches patience and endurance in the face of illness. It is believed that enduring hardships with patience can lead to spiritual growth and purification of sins. The Quran says: "O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient." (Quran 2:153)
Preventive Measures: Islam emphasizes the importance of cleanliness and hygiene as a means of preventing diseases. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) highlighted the significance of personal hygiene and cleanliness in various hadiths.
Balance and Moderation: Islam promotes a balanced and moderate lifestyle, which includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate rest. Excessiveness and neglect of one's health are discouraged.
Avoiding Harmful Practices: Islam prohibits harmful practices that may jeopardize one's health. For example, the consumption of intoxicants and harmful substances is strictly forbidden.
Community Support: The Islamic community is encouraged to support individuals facing illness. Visiting the sick, providing emotional support, and helping with practical needs are considered virtuous acts in Islam.
In summary, Islamic teachings emphasize a holistic approach to health, combining medical treatment, spiritual supplication, preventive measures, and a balanced lifestyle. Seeking a cure for illnesses is viewed as consistent with the faith, and the use of both natural and medical remedies is encouraged within the framework of Islamic principles.